Patient Education

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Feel free to browse through other topics to the left for videos and more information about the many conditions we treat.


Turf Toe

Dealing with Turf Toe Big toe injuries, known as turf toe, result from hyperextension of the big toe joint as the heel is raised off the ground. An external force is placed on the big toe, and the soft tissue structures that support the big toe on the top are torn…

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Mallet Toes

Mallet Toes Mallet toes are deformities caused by bone and muscle imbalances that become exaggerated in people with active lifestyles. Arthritis can also lead to mallet toes. Mallet toes can cause extreme discomfort and may be aggravated if restrictive or improperly fitting footwear is worn for a prolonged period of…

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Injuries to the Metatarsal Bones

Injuries to the Metatarsal Bones Foot structure is complicated. Our feet are made up of bones, muscles, tendons, and other soft tissues. Nineteen of the twenty-six bones in our feet are toe bones and metatarsal bones. Toe and metatarsal bones fractures are common injuries. There is a common misconception that…

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Overlapping Toes

How Overlapping and Underlapping Toes Affect Foot Health Overlapping toes are exactly what they sound like: toes that overlap one another. A person with overlapping toes will have a toe lying on top of an adjacent toe. The toe most often affected is the fifth toe. Overlapping toes can form…

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Common Big Toe Problems

Common Big Toe Problems Hallux Varus causes the big toe to point away from the second toe. Hallux Varus can be a complication that develops after a bunion surgery. However, there are other potential causes of Hallux Varus, such as congenital deformity, tight or short tendons, specifically the abductor hallucis tendons,…

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Claw Toe

Common Symptoms of Claw Toe Claw toe is caused by nerve damage from diseases like diabetes or alcoholism, which can weaken muscles in the foot. The term stems from the toes’ appearance—toes that look like claws digging down into the soles. Claw toe may lead to the formation of painful calluses. Claw toe worsens without…

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Hammertoe Surgery

Treatment Options for Hammertoe Hammertoe is a deformity of the second, third, or fourth toes. In this condition, the toe is bent at the middle joint, causing it to resemble a hammer. Left untreated, hammertoes can become inflexible and painful, requiring surgery. Hammertoe surgery can be done on an outpatient basis…

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Symptoms and Causes of Hammertoe Hammertoe is basically an abnormal bending in the toe joint. It can affect more the one joint, so more than one toe may be affected. Hammertoes can make wearing shoes difficult and can cause other foot problems to arise. There are several factors that may…

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