Fusion Treatments for Foot Problems
- Fuse the joint into one solid bone, with no joint motion.
- Reduce or eliminate pain associated with the joint.
- Reduce or eliminate pain associated with any associated bunion.
- Improve the alignment of the great toe, if required.
- Reduce the prominence of any associated deformity of the big toe
Possible Alternatives to Surgery
- Rocker-soled shoes
- Pads, Shields, or splints
- Medications-oral or injected
- Physical Therapy/ice massage
- Joint resection arthroplasty
- Joint replacement implant
- Joint reconstructive surgery
Stiffness; Prolonged swelling; Prolonged pain; Delayed healing or non-healing of skin, soft tissue, or bone; Circulation disturbances of skin, soft tissue or bone; Infection of soft tissue or bone; Nerve injury or numbness; Tendon injury or tendonitis; Unsightly or painful scar; Malalignment of the great toe (over-correction/ under-correction); Incomplete relief of pain; Poor toe to ground contact; Shortening of the toe; Shoe irritation of the toe; Contracture of the toe; Arthritis in remaining joint in the toe; Callus or pain under adjacent portion of the ball of the foot; Intolerance of the fixation device; Hematoma or bleeding complication; Change in shoe size; Limited heel height on shoes; Chronic limp or other gait change; Phlebitis; Mild to life threatening reaction to medications and/or anesthesia.
Usual Post-Operative Care/Recovery
Wear a below-knee walking cast and use crutches for six to eight weeks; use elevation, rest, and prescribed medications for pain and swelling control; keep cast dry; sutures are removed in approximately two weeks; fixations pin, if used, is removed in six weeks; utilize anti-swelling physical therapy for one to six months; return to loose shoes or sneakers in approximately 8 to 12 weeks; return to fashionable shoes in three to four months; return to sedentary activities and/or occupation in one to eight weeks; return to demanding activities and/or occupation in two to four months; possible use of orthoses long-term.