How Shoes Affect the Whole Body
Knowledge of the basic anatomy of a shoe can assist you in making more educated choices when selecting shoes to suit your foot and needs.
There are five main parts of a shoe:
- The toe box is the part of the shoe where your toes go. Toe boxes are usually rounded, pointed, or squared. The shape of the toe box influences the amount of space afforded to the toes. When choosing a shoe, you want to look for shoe with a rommier toe box. A tight toe box or one that cramps your toes in any way can cause toe or foot problems. Your toe box should allow your toes room to wiggle and move.
- The vamp is the upper middle part of the shoe. The shoe laces are usually located in this area. Velcro may be used in some cases in the place of laces.
- The sole is actually made up of two parts: an insole and an outsole. The insole is inside the shoe; the outsole is the bottom of the shoe, the part which touches the ground. Shoes with softer soles have better shock absorption.
- The heel is the bottom part of the back of the shoe. The heel gives the foot some elevation. The higher the heel on the shoe, the greater the force is that is placed on the front part of the foot.
- The last part of the shoe is the part which curves inward slightly near the arch of the foot. This curve conforms to the average foot shape. It enables you to tell the right shoe from the left.
The material a shoe is made from affects the fit and comfort for your feet. Softer materials reduce the amount of pressure the shoe puts on the foot, while stiff materials may cause blisters to form on the foot. A counter may be used to stiffen the material around the heel and give added support to the foot.